BBMP cancels its own violating building plan sanctions

In January this year, the High Court of Karnataka had ordered that commercial activities should not be allowed in residential areas in Bengaluru. But even after this, BBMP continued to give sanctions in violation of the verdict. Many shops had come up without any BBMP sanctions at all also. Citizen Matters had reported on these violations earlier.

Pic: Sudha Narasimhachar

However, in a hearing on November 22nd, the court ordered BBMP to submit the list of all such sanctions that it gave in residential areas after the January order. Surprisingly, BBMP informed court that it had cancelled all such sanctions by issuing a circular on November 8th. BBMP is expected to produce this list at the next hearing, on December 13th.

In the case, Lt Col Mathew Thomas is listed as an individual petitioner and as representative of the RWA collective Citizens Action Forum, which is listed as another petitioner. (Col Thomas is not part of CAF anymore.) Pic courtesy: Lt Col Mathew Thomas.

The court gave these interim orders in the case filed by the civic group Citizens’ Action Forum (CAF) and others. These petitioners had challenged BDA’s RMP 2007-15 (Revised Master Plan). Commercialisation of residential areas was one of the aspects they had taken up. While the previous master plans had marked residential areas in the city for fully residential purposes, the RMP had introduced a new category called ‘residential (mixed) zone’.

As per this, commercial activities were permitted in many previously fully residential areas. The petitioners demanded a reversal of this rule; they said that residential areas should remain so, and that commercialisation should be stopped in these places.

In January, court ordered that commercialisation should be stopped, and also specifically mentioned eight areas as examples where it should be implemented. These included Malleswaram, Richmond Town, Jayanagar etc.

Click here to see BBMP circular.

But since BBMP continued to give sanctions in residential areas, the relentless petitioners asked for BBMP to be added as a respondent in the case. This was in August. The court then asked BBMP to submit details of commercial sanctions that it had given, specifically in the eight areas mentioned in the order.

The people behind the petition:

The list of petitioners in this case is quite long. Interestingly, there are quite a few retired civil servants, PSU officers and defence personnel in the list. Here are the petitioners, from different segments (as listed in High Court’s website):

IAS/IPS/IFS (Retired)

S Shyam Sundar IFS (Former Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, GoK)
P P R Nair (Former Special Secretary, Home Ministry, GoI)
S N S Murthy IPS (Former DG&IGP, GoK)

Defence (Retired)

Maj Gen M K Paul
Air Vice-Marshal S Krishnaswamy
GP Capt K Bhaskaran

PSU officers (Retired)

S Janardhan (Scientist at National Aerospace Laboratories)
Dr B R Pai (Director, NAL)
Dr R Balasubramaniam (Director and Scientific Advisor, NAL)
J R Kapur (General Manager, HAL)

RWAs/civil society activists

Citizens Action Forum
Sadashivanagar RWA
Lt Col Mathew Thomas (Secretary, CAF)
B K Jagadishchandra (Secretary, Sadashivanagar RWA)
Ravindranath Guru (RTI activist)


Kumar Ranganathan (Senior Manager, Intel)
Xerxes Desai (Retired Chief Executive, Titan Group of Companies)

BBMP submitted a list for these areas, and filed objections saying that it was unaware of the court’s January order. Pleading ignorance, BBMP said that it had come to know of the order in June only.

The petitioners called BBMP’s bluff. It was not possible for BBMP to be unaware of the January order, they argued. There was enough press coverage for the order, and BBMP’s own circulars before June show that it was aware of the order, they said.

RTI Activist and petitioner, Ravindranath Guru. Pic courtesy: Ravindranath Guru

Petitioners pointed out that the order was not just for the eight areas, but for all residential areas in the city. They alleged that BBMP had deliberately misinterpreted the order, producing sanction details arbitrarily for some areas only. For instance, in the case of Malleswaram, BBMP had considered only Malleswaram assembly constituency, instead of the entire residential area marked in the RMP.

The court then ordered that BBMP could face contempt of court charges for continuing to give the sanctions after January. It also said that all these permissions should be cancelled.

The case is now being actively pursued by Vijayan Menon, CAF member. Pic: Anisha Nair

In the latest hearing on November 22nd, BBMP said that it has issued a circular already, cancelling illegal sanctions in all residential areas. It specified that these cancellations were done across the city, and not just the eight areas, and that details will be submitted.

With this, petitioners have beaten back another attempt by BBMP to scuttle the verdict on a hard fought case. Koramangala-based Vijayan Menon, member of the petitioning group CAF, says that it is up to residents of each area in Bengaluru now, to be proactive. "The court has done as much as it can. There is already an order – now residents can use this to expose violations in their respective areas."

It remains to be seen, how long BBMP’s list of illegal sanctions will be, at the next hearing.

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About Navya P K 317 Articles
Navya has 12 years of experience in journalism, covering development, urban governance and environment. She was earlier Senior Journalist, Citizen Matters, and Reporter, The New Indian Express. She has also freelanced for publications such as The News Minute, Factor Daily and India Together. Navya won the All India Environment Journalism Award, 2013, for her investigative series on the environmental violations of an upcoming SEZ in Bengaluru, published in Citizen Matters. She also won the PII-UNICEF fellowship in 2016 to report on child rights in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Navya has an MA in Political Studies from Jawaharlal Nehru University, and a PG Diploma from the Asian College of Journalism.


  1. Thanks to Citizen activists. We don’t know how BBMP gives approval for commercial complex or apartments in normal residential sites. They don’t have enough parking nor leave any space as per rules. We can see many such violations in and around HSR layout BDA complex too. I am sure many officers are colluding in this racket. Are there any honest officers who can act ? Many buildings are still under construction or just starting. Request concerned authorities to take action.

  2. Kudos to the Citizen activists. We have lot many buildings in 8th Blk, Kml which have the toilets on first floor and beyond constructed in the balconies spilling over to the road. Also 4+ stories are very common!! Will the BBMP honestly give these details???
    Gurudas S

  3. Yelahanka Satellite Town, which was planned so well by Karnataka Housing Board and there was earmarked space for commercial establishments, is now turning into another concrete jungle due to the greed of the Housing Board and BBMP, who have sold away all empty land, which was serving as lung space for this huge locality to private builders, who can never be checked or stopped from developing the land into concrete jungles, because they have invested crores of rupees on the land. Can you beat Mantri Mall coming up in a lovely lung space which housed nearly 79-80 huge trees right in the middle of a residential locality? We are digging our own graves!
    Sudha Narasimhachar

  4. Hats off to these citizens. Unfortunately, such news will never reach the attention of the many sheep who rather talk about what Kejriwal and Modi is up to these days! These active citizens are proof corruption can be fought locally!

  5. This is a good step after intervention honorable Judiciary. In the same note what about commercial water tanker services in residential areas especially Vignan nagar. These tankers make make lots of noises, drivers drive these tankers carelessly, parked in roads making the road too narrow. In fact they always park these tankers in front of the private house, that makes life more miserable for citizens. Can anybody look into this?

  6. sir..
    Not only this please See Every Individual houses in Bangalore how much violated, and giving problems to another house owners. Please dont see only Flats First you see the individual houses also. If this you can see the other Feature coming life will be easy for constructing to others also.

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