When the results of the SSLC examination were announced back in May, BBMP schools in the city had fared so poorly it was almost as if the Palike itself had flunked the public examination. The thirty-three high schools under the Palike secured a pass percentage of 33 per cent — its most abysmal result in the last few years. To put this figure in perspective, the state average was 68 per cent — more than double of what the BBMP schools secured this year, and a far cry from the ambitious target of 75 percent set in the 2009-10 BBMP budget.
Mid-day meals being served to students at CHS Shivajinagar. Pic: Sriram V.
These dismal results have come about despite the Palike spending Rs 32 crores on all of its 133 schools during 2009-10. Many believe that the per child expenditure at BBMP schools is nearly double that of schools under the state education department — a study done a few years ago by Akshara Foundation found that the then BMP spends Rs 10,370 per child, while the state education department spends about Rs 6,500 per child.
Though SSLC results are not the sole criterion by which to judge how the Palike runs all their 133 schools, it is emblematic of the negligence that these schools have faced for the past few years. Here’s a look at some of the problems.
If there is one single reason to pin down the poor academic performance of BBMP schools, it would have to be teachers. As the 2009-10 budget documents show, there are about 326 teaching posts that have remained vacant in BBMP schools. That is almost nearly half of the sanctioned teaching posts at the BBMP.
To meet the shortage of teaching staff, BBMP has been hiring retired teachers and temporary teachers on a contract basis at a fraction of the salaries of regular teachers. The effect of these unfilled posts is there to be seen. For instance, the Corporation High School (CHS) at Malleswaram, has only three out of its nine teaching posts filled. This school recorded a pass percentage of 30 pc in this year’s SSLC examination.
A Mathematics teacher at Corporation Malleswaram High School teaching a 9th standard class. Here, both Kannada and English medium students study together in the same class. Pic: Shamsheer Yousaf.
The lack of qualified and appropriate teachers is also visible in several other ways. At CHS Malleswaram, classes for both English medium and Kannada medium schools are held together for all sections: Class 8, 9 and 10. A teacher at the school, speaking on the condition of anonymity, justified this thus: “Since the syllabus for Science, Math, and Social Science is the same, it makes sense to teach them together. For the language subjects like Kannada and English, what is first language for one set of students is second language for the other”.
Appointments lost in red-tape
The process of filling up vacancies has been caught in the bureaucratic red-tape for about four years now. BBMP Additional Commissioner V Ashok, who is in charge of BBMP schools says that that the proposal for filling these posts was sent to the state government way back in 2007. While the green signal was given last year, the recruitment process was delayed due to BBMP elections. “The recruitment process for 301 teachers has been already begun, and it will be completed in another 6 months”, he says.
However Palike oficials have another version for the poor performance of BBMP schools. According to Ashok, the reason for poor performance was due to the fact that teachers were busy with election and census duty. He says that though both elections and census duty was held after the exams, the training sessions for these two operations were held during the academic year, particularly between December and March.
CHS Shivajinagar Principal N Raja Reddy. Pic: Sriram V.
School officials also offer another reason for the poor performance.CHS Shivajinagar Principal N Raja Reddy, in his late forties, says that more than staff shortage, his biggest concern is the quality of students coming to the Corporation schools. He says that students who seek admission are those who don’t get in anywhere else. “What this has meant is that there a lot of students in our school with out even basic knowledge of the subjects”, he adds.
Corporation Girls High School Sriramapuram Headmaster Munishamappa. Pic: Shamsheer Yousaf.
But what makes this argument moot is that despite facing the same problems, there are a few success stories such as the Corporation Girls High School at Sriramapuram. For the past two years, this school has secured a pass percentage of higher than 80 per cent. And this despite 6 out of the sanctioned 18 teaching posts filled with temporary teachers. As headmaster Munishamappa reveals, the school is all geared towards ensuring success. He says that for students in Class 10, they have to attend special classes from 7 am to 10 am, regular classes from 10 am to 4 pm, and special classes again from 4 to 6 pm. “We start these measures right from the first day of the academic year”, he says.
It’s not just teachers that the schools are missing — the Palike’s Education department is functioning without three subject inspectors. This means that there is no oversight on how certain subjects are taught in these schools. Besides this, another 300 odd posts related to cleaning staff, libraries, security staff etc have also remained unfilled since 2000. And the BBMP has not initiated any move to fill these positions.
Debris lying in the school premises of Corporation High School Shivajinagar. Pic: Sriram V.
When it comes to infrastructure, BBMP schools are beset by schools without enough classrooms, classrooms without electricity, lack of drinking water, lack of toilets, and rickety benches. For example, CHS Shivajinagar is housed in the same complex as the BBMP’s Health Center and the Engineering Ward Office. According to Principal N Raja Reddy, “The Engineering Ward Office next to the school premises has meant that it has become a dumping ground for dismantled road side shops, hoardings and other debris. The students have to wade through the debris to get to the toilet”, he says.
Intriguingly, the BBMP, unchastened by their foray into education, has plans to take over all government schools in the city. Currently, the bulk of government schools in the city — around 3000 in number — are run by the state government’s Department of Public Instruction(DPI). The 2009-10 medium-term fiscal plan, presented by then BBMP Commissioner Dr S Subramanya says, “All primary, secondary and high schools presently administered by the State Government within the BBMP jurisdiction should be transferred to the BBMP”.
Toilets at Corporation High School Malleswaram are not functioning due to dysfunctional water supply. Pic: Shamsheer Yousaf.
The report says that the state government must accept this proposal first mooted by the Administrative Reforms Commission, and the BBMP should be prepared for the same. It is not clear where Subramanya’s plan referred to the central government’s ARC or a state government ARC.
While Corporations in cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, and Chennai run a large number of schools, with enrolled students running into lakhs, the BBMP needs to make amends before it can be entrusted with the remaining schools. A little more alacrity towards fixing staff shortages and infrastructure could go a long way towards rebuilding this trust. ⊕
Glad and sad at this important piece. Btw, I’ve been observing (and slightly assisting) a BBMP Girls High School where the dedicated and dutiful Headmaster and staff have positively impacted their students’ lives. The children are enthusiastic and regular learners. And the class X pass percentage has been over 80 for the last 3 years! More at http://bangalore.citizenmatters.in/blogs/show_entry/1252-touching-and
Thanks for picking up this subject. Well researched and thought provoking. I’m afraid the problem is at much earlier stage than SSLC exams. Shouldn’ there be a system in place to check if the students are ready to take up SSLC?
I request the authors to focus on primary education in BBMP schools for a future article.