For the uninitiated, here is how the TDR process is carried out. The BBMP’s Engineering department issues notices in newspapers. Once objections are reviewed and considered, red colour markings are made in the respective areas. Sources in the BBMP say that banners announcing the same are also displayed in the area. The Revenue department officials then inspect each property and collect information about the owner and their property. The TDR forms are then sent to the respective property owners/tenants. This form is to be submitted to BBMP zonal offices.
TDR – boon or bane?
Citizens across the city have protested against the TDR, questioning the need to widen certain roads, and a general worry over losing a part of their homes, Jagadhamba’s property being a case in question. Earlier this year Citizen Matters broke the story of how JP Nagar and BTM Layout residents came together in revolt against TDR-based roadwidening of the stretch from Silkboard to Mysore Road in south Bengaluru.
In some cases though, the BBMP seems to have worked a step ahead while acquiring land for road widening. Prakash explains the case of an apartment complex on Sarjapur Road, Purva Sunshine. After receiving a BDA sanction, BBMP then asked the builders to resubmit the plan as they were going to widen the road to 100 ft, says Prakash. “For the loss of land, they were allowed to go vertical. They got 2 floors more”. In this case, Puravankara Projects Ltd was able to get the correction done at the sanction stages itself.
On the other hand, a property owner on Hennur Main Road in East Bangalore hasn’t been so lucky. Says the contractor, Haroon Rasheed, “We got the BBMP plan sanction in 2007. That time they told us this road may be widened. So road widening department people came and inspected. They took 15 ft”. Rasheed adds that they did not receive any compensation for the same. “They are telling TDR TDR. Nobody has got it”. Incidentally, the BBMP has made markings on their wall, despite already having acquired property during plan sanction. “First they marked 8m. They scratched that and have now marked 11m. We don’t know what to do. Let them approach us”, he says.
The scheme may not affect apartment complexes as much especially those that have left adequate clearance between their walls and the road. When road expansion pushes back their compound wall, it usually eats into the setback area and not the structure itself.
It’s the individual houses that will get affected, as they will be forced to live closer to the road. Mahavir of Valmark Builders feels that it’s a problem for individual house owners. “For a person with a small house, it doesn’t help. Half the site is going, what about the other half. TDR alone will not help. If building cost is also given, then it is ok”.
With cases like Rasheed’s on Hennur Main Road where fresh markings have been made despite already acquiring land, it is no wonder that citizens question the very scheme of TDR. Inevitably comparisons to the scheme’s success in cities like Mumbai, Pune and Hyderabad, immediately crop up.
M Chandra Shekhar, Chief Executive of Eco Pack (a industrial consulting firm) explains that TDR is more appreciated in Mumbai because the development there is different from that in Bangalore. “The business attitude is different there. The demand for apartments is more. There’s more vertical growth and the government attitude is also encouraging”, he explains, adding that in Bangalore, people prefer to live in independent homes rather than apartments.
In an interview with Citizen Matters, BBMP Commissioner Bharat Lal Meena claims that TDR is a viable scheme and adds, like others, that it has worked well in Mumbai and other places. Meena however admits that public awareness about TDR is an issue. “Some people are not aware about where to sell the TDR certificates in the market. We are also thinking about this, and making citizens aware. We are discussing this with builders. It needs to be made popular”, he says. ⊕